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Currently, publishers or content creators can inquire with the service in question or send digital documents (e-books, newspapers, brochures, articles, posters…) to depot-legal-numerique@bnl.etat.lu. Legal Deposit Observatory: a reflection of contemporary publishing. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France: 2017 (forthcoming). Online: www.bnf.fr/fr/professionnels/depot_legal_definition/s.depot_legal_observatoire.html?first_Art=non. 4 IIIF: International Framework for Image Interoperability; iiif.io 19Parallel to the launch of the Corpus project, requests for access to digital corpora continued. In 2015, the Labex OBVIL (Observatory of Literary Life), which was already a key partner of the BnF for digitization, requested access to 135,000 Gallica texts to carry out “big data” analyses with its partner, the ARTFL laboratory at the University of Chicago. He wanted to reproduce the results of the Commonplaces project (Roe et al., 2016) on French texts, which uses an algorithm to identify similar passages in a corpus of 200,000 scientific and literary texts printed in Britain in the eighteenth century. The purpose of this research is to identify “common places”, that is to say very frequent quotations, without having a priori knowledge of the type of texts that are the subject of quotations or those who reuse them. The product of this analysis is in itself a new corpus, a database that can be queried for further analysis. Such research could not be conducted with such a broad and interdisciplinary scope without the digital tool: it makes it possible to identify models that would not necessarily have been considered a priori by researchers.

Frédéric MARTIN, “The archives of the Internet as an axis of national cooperation”. Webcorpora, 19/09/2017 webcorpora.hypotheses.org/394 Eleonora MOIRAGHI, “Exploring the corpus of images. AI at the service of heritage” in Carnet de recherche à la Bibliothèque nationale de France, 16/04/2108 bnf.hypotheses.org/2809 Valérie BEAUDOUIN, Zeynep PEHLIVAN, Cartography of the Great War on the Web: Final report of phase 2 of the project “The online future of digitized heritage: the example of the Great War”. [Research Report] National Library of France; Contemporary International Documentation Library; Telecommunications ParisTech. 2017. The latest library law, which was just passed by the Senate on 16 December, also provides a framework for new elements for their entry into the mandatory digital repository, especially press articles. Glenn H. ROE, Clovis GLADSTONE, Robert MORRISSEY et al 2016, `Digging into ECCO: Identifying Commonplaces and other Forms of Text Reuse at Scale`, Digital Humanities DH2016, ed. Maciej Eder, Jan Rybicki, The Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations, Krakow, Poland, pp. 336-339. Summary: dh2016.adho.org/abstracts/343 29The users concerned are very different from those who visit the reading rooms in the routine. They usually present themselves in teams that bring together different types of skills: emeritus researchers or graduate students, research engineers, experts in digital content or methodology.

and often have funding through a call for projects. This particularity has led the BnF to treat them as partners and not as readers: signing an agreement, welcoming employees to employees` premises, providing dedicated teams and IT infrastructures. Therefore, in reality, they are not considered as users, but as professional partners, although their main purpose is to study the collections. These main principles concern in particular the criteria that trigger mandatory digital delivery (definition of the place of publication, the medium of publication, the content, exclusion of deposit). They also include details on the format at the time of submission and the number of copies to be submitted. Last but not least, they propose rules on access to deposited electronic publications, the making of copies, the downloading of deposited publications and copies intended for preservation. They stipulate, for example, that copies for preservation purposes are only accessible to readers under conditions that must be agreed in advance at the level of each country. The number of copies to be submitted depends on the type of document. For more details on filing procedures, please refer to the Grand-Ducal Rules of 6 November 2009 and 21 December 2017 on mandatory deposit.

Rob JOHNSON et al., Text and Data Mining in Higher Education and Public Research. Report commissioned by the Association of Directors & Management Staff of University Libraries and Documentation (ABDU), December 2016. adbu.fr/competplug/uploads/2016/12/TDM-in-Public-Research-Revised-15-Dec-16.pdf Rob JOHNSON, Olga FERNHOLZ, Mattia FOSCI, Text and Data Mining in Higher Education and Public Research. Report commissioned by the ADBU, December 2016. Online: adbu.fr/competplug/uploads/2017/10/TDM-in-Public-Research-Revised-15-Dec-16-1.pdf “Instead of relying on algorithms and automatons to organize important judgments for cultural products, an institution like BAnQ must be able to have the human resources to do its job in the years to come,” said Jonathan Roberge, professor at the Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS). 9In particular, the online collection of the daily press also uses the technical channel of web archiving, but for very different purposes. There are 41 regional titles and 2 national titles representing hundreds of local editions that could not be collected on paper and preserved in their entirety. Archiving the online version is therefore partly a replacement for the traditional collection. 18The implementation of full-text research in Internet archives was a technical challenge for the BnF, which did not have the means to develop it on the scale of the entire collection. The corpus approach initiated by the project and developed in the context of other research collaborations is a way of removing this obstacle and offering value-added services to bnF readers. 37If these different elements actually correspond to what can of course be expected from the services of a library such as the BnF, their concentration in a place dedicated to the digital humanities should contribute to improving their visibility and therefore that of the digital collections themselves.

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