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The obligation to investigate a death under Article 2 is closely linked to the right to an effective remedy guaranteed by Article 13 of the ECHR. The investigation following a suspicious death must be designed in such a way as to lead, if necessary, to criminal prosecution. ((Akkoc v. Turkey (2002) 34 E.H.R.R. 51)) Therefore, the Crown Prosecution Service must be prepared to provide reasons for any non-prosecution following an investigation for unlawful homicide. Some utilitarian ethicists argue that the “right to life,” where it exists, depends on conditions other than belonging to the human species. The philosopher Peter Singer is a notable supporter of this argument. For Singer, the right to life rests on the ability to plan and anticipate one`s future. This extends the concept to nonhuman animals, such as other great apes, but as is lacking in unborn children, infants, and severely disabled humans, he notes that abortion, painless infanticide, and euthanasia may be “justified” (but not mandatory) in certain special circumstances, such as in the case of a disabled infant whose life would be a life of suffering. [6] Everyone everywhere in the world has the right to recognition as a person before the law. Article 22 (1) The right to life and the right to physical and mental integrity of the person shall be guaranteed. 3. The death penalty shall be prohibited.

Article 15 Everyone has the right to life and to physical and mental integrity and shall under no circumstances be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The death penalty is abolished to the extent that military criminal law does not provide for anything in time of war. Preamble: “… whereas trafficking in human organs undermines human dignity and the right to life and poses a serious threat to public health; Active euthanasia: Here, a doctor deliberately intervenes to end a person`s life with deadly substances. The fundamental rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people are often not respected across the EU. Public officials and other professionals in education, health and law enforcement are responsible for ensuring that the human rights of all are protected and promoted. Man is inviolable. Everyone has the right to respect for his life and the integrity of his person.

This right must not be arbitrarily deprived of anyone. The question of whether the right to life extends to the right to die, in particular the right to die, is the subject of much debate. Euthanasia is a topic that is often seen in the news. Many countries have legalized euthanasia (Netherlands, Belgium, Colombia, Luxembourg). No, it is not an absolute right. The State may restrict the right to life and liberty, but it must be just, reasonable and just, and follow the procedure prescribed by law. Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limits on working hours and regular paid holidays. 1. Every human being has an inherent right to life. This right is protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of life.2. In countries which have not abolished the death penalty, it may be imposed only for the most serious crimes, in accordance with the legislation in force at the time the crime was committed and not contrary to the provisions of the present Covenant and the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

This sanction can only be enforced on the basis of a final judgment of a competent court.3. If the deprivation of life constitutes the crime of genocide, nothing in this article shall be deemed to authorize a State Party to derogate in any way from an obligation assumed under the provisions of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide[4]. Everyone sentenced to death has the right to request pardon or commutation of his sentence. Amnesty, pardon or commutation of the death penalty may be granted in all cases.5. The death penalty may not be imposed for crimes committed by persons under the age of eighteen and shall not be carried out against pregnant women.6. Nothing in this article may be invoked to delay or prevent the abolition of the death penalty by a State Party to the present Covenant. Article 21 cannot be suspended in urgent cases. The 44th Amendment to the Constitution provided that this article could not be suspended, even in an emergency. No State may enact or enforce laws that limit the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor may any State deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process; deny the same protection of the law to any person within its jurisdiction. Those who believe that a person should be able to make the decision to end their life through euthanasia use the argument that people have the right to vote,[22] while those who oppose the legalization of euthanasia argue that everyone has the right to life. They are commonly referred to as the rights to life.

[23] Article 17 Human life is inviolable. There is no death penalty in Slovenia. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; This right includes freedom to change his religion or belief and freedom, alone or in community with others, publicly or privately, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and rites.